While piracy is an age-old phenomenon plaguing mankind, terrorism at sea has only manifested itself in recent times through the Achille Lauro hijacking in 1985 serving as a wake-up call. The international community has since been striving to adopt a series of legal as well as practical measures in order to prevent a recurrence of such a terrorist act because the rules of international law relating to piracy are not applicable mutatis mutandis to terrorism. The Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation was adopted in 1988. This Convention addressed terrorism at sea for the first time and represented an important extension of a cooperative law enforcement regime into a wholly new area containing a finely balanced aut dedere aut iudicare scheme.
Combating Terrorism At Sea -- The Suppression Of Unlawful Acts Against The Safety Of Maritime Navigation,
15 U. Miami Int’l & Comp. L. Rev.
Available at: http://repository.law.miami.edu/umiclr/vol15/iss3/3