This article presents the development of the law of searches at sea. The statutes authorizing these searches, the cases construing these statutes and the constitutional limitations are examined in detail. Finally, the present trends toward stricter scrutiny of searches on constitutional grounds are discussed and criticized, and a suggested framework for future analysis is presented.
James S. Carmichael,
At Sea with the Fourth Amendment,
32 U. Miami L. Rev.
Available at: http://repository.law.miami.edu/umlr/vol32/iss1/5