LEGAL ASPECTS: EXPLOITATION OF ANTARCTIC RESOURCES
As existing resource reserves dwindle, exploration in areas once considered to be beyond feasible exploitation is now being examined much more closely. The author suggests that the southern polar region is one such area ripe for future development. Since Antarctica lacks a political administration, however, problems arise concerning sovereignty rights over its resources. Claims of historical entitlement must be reconciled with the demands of the international community for general recognition to be realized. Currently, a treaty exists among states interested in Antarctica which is concerned primarily with the continued use of the continent for peaceful scientific investigation. Although the Antarctic Treaty provides a framework for a structured development scheme, it conspiciously fails to address the resource-sovereignty issue. The author proposes a plan which assimilates the existing Antarctic Treaty composition while resolving the polemic interests of states asserting territorial claims in the Antarctic and of the remainder of the world community.
Frank C. Alexander Jr.,
A Recommended Approach to the Antarctic Resource Problem,
33 U. Miami L. Rev.
Available at: http://repository.law.miami.edu/umlr/vol33/iss2/7