The author reviews the history and development of bills of lading. The discussion focuses primarily on the legislative and judicial treatment of the carrier's liability for misrepresentations of quantity and quality in the bill of lading. Also explored are carrier-shipper indemnity agreements, European approaches to these issues, and the effect of several recent international conventions on uniform bills of lading.
Daniel E. Murray,
History and Development of the Bill of Lading,
37 U. MIA L. Rev.
Available at: https://repository.law.miami.edu/umlr/vol37/iss3/13