University of Miami National Security & Armed Conflict Law Review


Jorge Martinez

Document Type



This article will discuss emerging threats to major sporting events and suggest methods to defend fans and athletes through strengthening security systems and procedures. One problem with strengthening security systems, however, is that in many cases, increased security means less personal privacy. This article will briefly review security measures that have traditionally been in place, juxtapose newly developed security measures, assess the effectiveness and constitutionality of each measure, and propose a working security system to be used at such events. Ultimately, an ideal security system of the future will have to incorporate developments in various fields and will take time to successfully implement. To that end, a certain amount of trial and error is necessary to determine what level of security will be adequate, all while not intruding on the liberties of those being protected.