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This Article analyzes the development of the National Labor Relations Act through the drafts of the original Act. The author traces the evolution of Senator Wagner's ideas through numerous policy and political battles to the passage of the NLRA in 1935. The author explores the development of the drafts and the historical context surrounding their creation to reveal the social theory of the drafters and illuminate previously unexplored undercurrents in the text of the Act itself. The author, through this novel approach to the NLRA, sets up a new way to view the 1935 Act, and evaluates subsequent amendments and legal developments.