The author examines clinical studies that use neuroscience technology to study patients in Vegetative States. The studies indicate that some of the patients are, in fact, conscious. The author suggests that this finding is a matter of considerable practical importance for the drafting and execution of end-of-life protocols such as Advance Directives and Living Wills. He recommends that statutes, and other guidance used by patients, caregivers, medical institutions, family members and others to draft and interpret such Directives and Wills, be revised or amended to take account of these results.
Glenn R. Butterton, How Neuroscience Technology Is Changing Our Understanding of Brain Injury, Vegetative States and the Law, 20 N.C. J.L. & TECH. 331 (2019).